Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60. It can occur at any age but is more common in older adults.
WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma is the result of damage to the optic nerve. As this nerve gradually deteriorates, blind spots develop in your visual field. This nerve damage is usually related to increased pressure in the eye.
CAUSES OF GLAUCOMA
Elevated eye pressure is due to a buildup of a fluid (aqueous humor) that flows throughout the inside of your eye. This internal fluid normally drains out through a tissue called the trabecular meshwork at the angle where the iris and cornea meet. When fluid is overproduced or the drainage system doesn’t work properly, the fluid can’t flow out at its normal rate and eye pressure increases.
Who is at Risk?
- Those above 35 years (the risk increases with age);
- People with a family history of glaucoma;
- Those who use steroid drops, tablets or ointments;
- People with diabetes mellitus, hypertension or who have had eye injuries;
- Those who wear ‘minus’ glasses for short-sightedness;
- Anyone with complaints of pain, redness, and watering in the eyes; and
- People who see colored rings around lights.
Management of Glaucoma
We perform the various diagnostic examinations to detect the disease and to choose the therapy best suited for your eye. Which includes:
- Non contact tonometry
- Applanation tonometry
- Laser peripheral iridtomy
- Optical coherence tomography
- Optic disc evaluation
- Humphery visual field analysis
- Surgerical management